Navigating the Complex Nature of Energy Efficiency


14 May 2009

The aim of the Atomium Session "Navigating the Complex Nature of Energy Efficiency" on May 14th was to uncover the interdependencies, opportunities and trade-offs with regard to policymaking and the corporate world with Wolfgang Eichhammer (Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation), Alain Vermeiren (Cisco Systems & CUD - Connected Urban Development) and Clive van Heerden (Philips Design). Followed by Pecha Kucha Night Brussels Vol.08 at Claridge


Event chairs: Alok Nandi (Founder of Architempo and Pecha Kucha Night Brussels) and Gerrit-Jan Schaeffer (Director of Innovation & Renovation at VITO)
(talks 30' + 10' discussion)

PART I Exploring the interdependencies, opportunities and trade-offs

Chaired by Jacques de Ruyck (VUB, Department of Mechanical Engineering)

09:15 Intro by Guy Vanhengel, Brussels Capital Region Minister for External Affairs
09:45 Wolfgang Eichhammer, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation, GE: Implementing Energy Efficiency Policy - Can we get as good as renewables?
11:00 Alain Vermeiren, Cisco Systems & CUD (Connected Urban Development), BE: The Connected Urban Development Program - The Role of ICT in Sustainable Urban Development.
12:00 Clive van Heerden, Philips Design, NL: High rise self sufficiency - the challenge of living off the grid.
13:00 Walking lunch

PART II Cases and methods

Chaired by Peter Goethals (Ghent University, Department Applied Ecology, ‘Laboratory Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology)

14:00 Case I: Past the tipping point: Hans Nilsson, Chairman of the International Energy Agency DSM-Programme
14:30 Case II: Sustainable Food Systems: Alok Nandi, Architempo, BE
15:00 Case III: The Undisclosed Poésis of the Photovoltaic Effect [On Food]: Bart Vandeput/Bartaku, BE
15:30 Panel Discussion
16:00 Reception & networking
17:00 End of workshop

Bios / Slides

Prof. J. De Ruyck (1952) became Electromechanical Engineer at the VUB in 1975. He got his PhD in 1982 in the field of turbomachines. After his career in Fluid Mechanics, he turned into thermodynamics in 1988. He soon became involved in the energy production through technology assessment and different EC projects. He initiated new developments in the field of gas turbine cycles, combustion, biomass gasification and more recently on sustainability aspects of energy from biomass. His activity in biomass research led to involvement in the field of renewable energies more in general, through technology assessment studies and membership in different advisory groups (Electrabel, ODE Vlaanderen, KVIV genootschap energie, AMPERE commission, Aminal, VITO, CE2030, Royal advisory council, Commission GEMIX). He was recently involved in the assessment of liquid biofuels in the framework of the Federal Research Actions, as coordinator of the project LIBIOFUELS. Prof. De Ruyck is author or co-author of more than hundred publications in the different fields mentioned above. He is presently teaching basic and advanced thermodynamics and energy supply   to engineering and human ecology students the VUB.

Wolfgang Eichhammer

(abstract) Energy Efficiency is without doubt, together with renewables, considered as the cornerstone of climate policies and of policies to secure our energy supply. Progress has been achieved and important policies on energy efficiency are in the pipeline. However, when it comes to concrete implementation, other policies, in particular renewables policies, appear as much more important. Why is this so? The first answer is that energy efficiency suffers from a "not enough sexy" image: something that is not there, is hard to be presented. The second answer is that energy efficiency is much harder to measure than renewables. The current introduction of the European Energy Efficiency Directive and the "battle how to measure energy efficiency" illustrates this issue. The third answer may be that we are simply not doing well enough with energy efficiency policies because there are so many technologies involved which are hard to tackle. The presentation reviews the energy efficiency policies in place as well as forthcoming and points out the potentials to reduce energy consumption. Cost is often seen as an obstacle but a variety of studies have shown that we can substantially reduce consumption at economic benefits. In order to achieve reduction in energy consumption by 50% and more as required by long-term climate targets, we have to considerable spur up policy implementation but also enhance energy efficiency R&D.

(bio) Wolfgang Eichhammer is Deputy Head of the Competence Center Energy Policy and Energy Systems of the Fraunhofer-Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (FhG-ISI). He is a physicist with professional experience in various countries of the European Union in the fields of thermal and electric conversion of solar energy, microelectronics and energy conservation. He has done professional work on the development of measurement systems, process modelling and process development. Eichhammer has extended knowledge in the systematic technical and economic assessment of conventional and future energy systems, especially in energy intensive industries. He is project co-ordinator of various international studies on the modelling and simulation of future potentials of energy conservation and renewable energies and is active in the development of energy efficiency indicators for industry. He is advisor to the European Commission in questions concerning the prioritising of research options in the field of energy and responsible for European affaires and international co-operation in the Competence Center Energy Policy and Energy Systems. Eichhammer has worked in many countries such as Central and Eastern countries (Poland and Czech Republic), South Korea, Brazil. He is co-ordinator for the European Network for Energy Economics Research (ENER) and member of the Technical and Scientific Council of the Fraunhofer Society.

Alain Vermeiren is Executive Advisor in the Cisco Internet Business Solutions Group (IBSG), the strategic consulting arm of Cisco. IBSG collaborates with Global 500 CXOs and public sector leaders to transform their organizations - first by designing innovative business processes, and then by integrating advanced technologies into visionary roadmaps. He is working primarily with telecommunication service providers and governments. He has also extensive experience in retail banking. Recent works have been related to broadband stimulation, national recovery plans and innovation-led sustainable economies. Alain Vermeiren has more than 20-year experience in the industry. Prior to joining Cisco IBSG in January 2000, he was a principal consultant with Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC), coming from BIM, a Belgian high-tech company, where he was director of technology marketing and consulting. Alain Vermeiren holds an MSc in telecommunications engineering University of Louvain-UCL and a master's degree in industrial management University of Leuven-KUL.

Clive van Heerden is Senior Director of Design-Led Innovation at Philips Design. One of his main responsibilities in this role is leading the Probes program, which consists of 'far-future' research initiatives that aim at identifying long-term systemic shifts and anticipating changes in future lifestyles.   Examples of recent Probes projects include Electronic Tattoo, Emotional sensing Dresses and Sustainable Habitat 2020. Clive joined Philips Research in 1995, where he was tasked with bringing designers into a technical research environment.   He moved to Philips Design in 1998 to become Director of the Soft Technologies design research activity.   In this role he put together a team of experts from various textile and apparel disciplines, developing wearable electronic and conductive textile solutions and overseeing collaborations with other companies. Clive has also managed Philips Design branches in Redhill, New York and London.While at University in South Africa Clive obtained two degrees in the social sciences. In 1986 he moved to London, where he completed a research fellowship at Westminster University. He gained two further degrees in the social sciences before graduating in 1991 with a Masters degree in interaction design from the Royal College of Art in London. Clive and the Probes team have won various design awards for innovative research, including a 'best of the best' red dot award and a Time Magazine Best Invention award in 2007

Peter Goethals
behaalde de diploma's van Bio-ingenieur in de Cel- en Gen-biotechnologie (FBW, UGent, 1996), Bedrijfskundig Ingenieur (FIW, Ugent i.s.m. de Vlerick Management School, 1999), MSc in de Kennistechnologie (FLW, UGent, 2001), Academische Initiële Lerarenopleiding (FPPW, UGent, 2003) en Doctor in de Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen (FBW, UGent, 2005). Van 1996 t.e.m. 1997 was hij verbonden als wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Laboratorium voor Microbiële Ecologie en Technologie, FBW, Universiteit Gent. Sinds 1998 tot heden is hij werkzaam binnen de Vakgroep Toegepaste Ecologie en Milieubiologie, FBW, UGent waar hij thans de positie inneemt van docent in het vakgebied 'toegepaste aquatische ecologie'. Naast zijn onderwijsfunctie verricht hij zowel academisch als toegepast onderzoek inzake ecologisch waterkwaliteitsbeheer en ecotechniek in zowel Vlaamse als internationale context (o.a. implementering Europese richtlijnen). Daarnaast is hij ook actief in de ontwikkelingssamenwerking, in het bijzonder mbt het gebruik van energie-efficiente waterzuiveringssystemen en duurzame exploitatie van waterecosystemen. Hij begeleidt verschillende doctoraatsprojecten en onderhoudt een nauwe samenwerking met industriële partners, adviesbureaus en onderzoeksinstellingen in binnen- en buitenland. Hij is voorzitter van de raad van bestuur van de Belgian International Water Association (B-IWA) en behoort tot de Governing Assembly van de International Water Association (IWA).

Hans Nilsson
has worked with energy issues since 1966. His experience covers energy supply, distribution, planning and energy efficiency both from a policy, management and programme implementation point of view. He has worked within several sorts of organisations such as municipality owned utilities, government agencies, intergovernmental organisations, private companies and business associations.The work has to a large extent been related to international issues and international co-operation both for business and for NGOs. Mr Nilsson has worked with the IEA secretariat for 5 years and is presently the chairman of the IEA DSM Programme. Mr Nilsson has been director for the Swedish Energy Efficiency Programme with the responsibility also to develop early applications of AIJ as a part of the design of the Kyoto-mechanisms.

Alok b. Nandi
is active in cross-media design, concept, scenario, information architecture, articulating space and technology, mixing internet with different communication channels: in publishing, exhibitions and festivals. Adviser to projects (R&D, EU), companies and institutions, with a focus on innovation and change. Professor/lecturer and speaker. Background combines engineering, management and cinema studies.

Bartaku, °1996 Kobe (Jap); pseudonym for Bart Vandeput, °1970 (Hasselt, BE)
Lives & works frequently at 50.845N - 04.35E
MA Communication Science (University of Leuven, BE)
Bartaku creates hybrid installation works, interventions & experiments interweaving fictional and/or nonfictional content using different media (threads/sounds/images/texts).
His current activities involve:
· PhoEF: Ongoing research project about photovoltaics in the arts. In collaboration with the interdisciplinary lab FoAM – See:
· Preparation of a new installation work, Agit A/R (2008), based on experiences in Bukavu (DRC). 1st prototyping (site specific) at the KVS-theatre in Brussels.
· Cherchant Sous/Sur – Orson's Quest: An ongoing interventionist research project exploring the characteristics and possibles ways of using the 3rd (service) tunnel of the 'Chunnel'.