Academic Lectures: What can we learn from primary care systems across the nations?
Many countries are struggling to provide “health for all.” Universal access to health care is available to few; most global citizens do not have access to primary health care, or any type of health care. The World Health Organization has been promoting universal primary health care models for decades. Nevertheless, some countries have achieved universal health care, even though many now struggle to maintain it. Other nations, such as the United States, have a health care system based on free market principles and are now cautiously moving towards a more universal model of primary health care. Conversely, some European countries, mainly the Netherlands, have moved to a more free market–driven delivery model.
14:10: Primary care: a comparison across five nations (New Zeeland, Canada, the Netherlands, Australia, UK) - Lecture by Wienke Boerma (Senior Researcher, Nivel Instituut, Nederland).The delivery of primary care in each of these countries varies greatly. The systems range from private health insurance to governments paying the majority of primary care’s cost. Obviously, there is no one-size-fits-all formula for the delivery of primary care. Different countries, based on historical and current political climates, have developed country-specific systems. Nevertheless, the described nations have two issues in common: (i) the provision of universal primary care and (ii) the sustainability of their health care systems. Perhaps countries can learn from each other to ensure universal primary care’s sustainability?
14:50: The Potential of General Practice in deprived areas - Lecture by Graham Watt (Emeritus Professor, General Practice and Primary Care, university of Glasgow, UK). He has a long term research interest in health and disease in families which he began at Glyncorrwg and has pursued via the Ladywell Blood Pressure Study in Edinburgh and the MIDSPAN Family Study in the west of Scotland. He also has interests in inequalities in health and health care and in supporting the next generation of academic general practitioners and primary care researchers. He coordinated and led the Deep End Project from 2009-2016, based on the 100 most deprived general practice populations in Scotland, and remains an active member of the steering group and advocate for the exceptional potential of general practice, especially in deprived areas.